Physical skills

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This factor measures the physical skills required to fulfil the job duties. It takes into account hand-eye co-ordination, sensory skills (sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell), dexterity, manipulation, requirements for speed and accuracy, keyboard and driving skills.

Level 1: The post has minimal demand for work related physical skills.  
Level 2: The post requires physical skills which are normally obtained through practice over a period of time or during practical training e.g. standard driving or keyboard skills, use of some tools and types of equipment.
Level 3: (a) The post requires developed physical skills to fulfil duties where there is a specific requirement for speed or accuracy. This level of skill may be required for advanced or high-speed driving; advanced keyboard use; advanced sensory skills or manipulation of objects or people with narrow margins for error, or
b) the post requires highly developed physical skills, where accuracy is important, but there is no specific requirement for speed. This level of skill may be required for manipulation of fine tools or materials.
Level 4: The post requires highly developed physical skills where a high degree of precision or speed and high levels of hand, eye and sensory co-ordination are essential.
Level 5: The post requires the highest level of physical skills where a high degree of precision or speed and the highest levels of hand, eye and sensory co-ordination are essential.
Definitions and notes:

Physical skills normally obtained through practice (level 2) includes skills which jobholders develop in post or through previous relevant experience, such as use of cleaning, catering or similar equipment. It also includes manoeuvring wheel chairs/trolleys in confined spaces, using hoists or other lifting equipment to move patients/clients, intra-muscular immunisations/injections and use of sensory skills.

Standard keyboard skills (level 2) includes the skills exercised by those who have learned over time and those who have been trained to RSA 1 or equivalent.

Specific requirement (level 3a) means that the job demands are above average and require specific training or considerable experience to get to the required level of dexterity, co-ordination or sensory skills.

Advanced or high-speed driving (level 3a) includes driving a heavy goods vehicle, ambulance, minibus or articulated lorry where a Large Goods Vehicle, Passenger Carrying Vehicle or Ambulance Driving Test or equivalent is required.

Advanced keyboard use (level 3a) includes the skills exercised by touch typists and advanced computer operators.

Advanced sensory skills (level 3a) includes the skills required for sensory, hand and eye co-ordination such as those required for audio-typing. It also includes specific developed sensory skills e.g. listening skills for identifying speech or language defects.

Restraint of patients/clients (level 3a) indicates a skill level that requires a formal course of training and regular updating.

Manipulation of fine tools or materials (level 3b) for example, manipulation of materials on a slide or under a microscope, use of fine screw drivers or similar equipment, assembly of surgical equipment, administering intravenous injections.

Highly developed physical skills (level 4) for example, the skills required for performing surgical interventions, intubation, tracheotomies, suturing, a range of manual physiotherapy treatments or carrying out endoscopies.

Highest level of physical skill (level 5) such as keyhole or laser surgery or IVF procedures.


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