Ramadan 2021

Faith

The month of Ramadan is likely to begin on either the 12 or 13 of April 2021, and is expected to last for either 29 or 30 days. These are tentative dates as the actual date of commencement of Ramadan 2021 is subject to the sighting of the moon.

Ramadan involves a daily period of fasting for Muslims starting at sunrise and finishing at sunset over the month. This means abstaining from food, drink (including water) and smoking. While fasting is an important part of Ramadan, it is also a time of self-reflection and self-evaluation for Muslims.

Similar to last year, Ramadan 2021 will be different for Muslim staff who observe fasting, as traditionally communal activities and prayer are observed and encouraged. Due to the current COVID-19 restrictions, access to prayer facilities, quiet rooms and multi faith rooms, internally and externally, will be limited .

In addition, Ramadan will commence at a critical time in the NHS vaccine rollout. Concerns had been raised about whether the act of getting the vaccine would break the fast, as well as potential side effects of feeling unwell after being vaccinated, and reservations about taking daily pain relief medication. Dr Habib Naqvi, director of the NHS Race Health Observatory has said: "There is no reason why a first or second dose vaccine cannot be administered during Ramadan. The content is halal, and receiving it will not invalidate the Ramadan fast, as per the opinion of Islamic scholars”.

Accommodating religious belief and practices during Ramadan is about being responsive to employee needs. It does not necessarily mean extra time off, it is about offering flexibility around existing holiday entitlement, working patterns or break periods. Unlike previous years, this may prove more challenging if resources are reduced due to staff absence from self-isolation and illness.

Similarly, staff should also be aware of the health issues related to fasting, so that they are able to make more informed choices, minimise complications and maximise the benefit of their fast as well as operational effectiveness. Those who are ill with COVID-19 won't be able to take part in daily fasting, as fasting is not compulsory, or advisable for anyone who is ill or has a medical condition.

Further guidance has been developed by the British Islamic Association (BIMA) debunking myths surrounding the COVID-19 vaccine including during Ramadan. Public Health England has also  published promotional resources such as a poster and social media image which organisations can use to improve vaccine take-up.

In addition, NHS England and NHS Improvement has developed useful guidance to help staff during Ramadan.

Should you have any questions about Ramadan or supporting religion in the workplace please email diversityandinclusion@nhsemployers.org.

Our COVID-19 pages also provide additional guidance around some of the workforce challenges currently facing NHS organisations.

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