The new points based immigration system

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On 1 January 2021, when free movement ended, a new points-based immigration system replaced the one that the UK has managed inward migration with since 2008. It applies to everyone from outside of the UK (excluding the Republic of Ireland) wishing to live and work here. 

For individuals who arrived in the UK by 31 December 2020 and who meet the requirements of the EU settlement scheme, the new system will not apply. EU nationals have until 30 June 2021 to secure their pre or settled status. More information on the settlement scheme can be found here.

The new immigration system aims to attracting and prioritise highly skilled migration and improve the experience for applicants and employers. It provides routes for skilled workers, students, global leaders, and innovators. It does not however provide a mechanism to recruit other key workers into health and care, for example care workers in social care.

To improve the experience for employers, the system includes a dedicated NHS support and visa processing which will enable HR teams to contact UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) if there are any issues with the application process or eligibility queries for the new health and care visa. Sponsors can contact UKVI’s NHS team directly at  

We understand that the system will continue to be refined with scope for additional flexibility and any changes will be reflected in this section.

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Skilled worker route

The skilled worker route includes the new fast-tracked health and care visa. Find out about eligibility, the immigration health surcharge exemption, and fee structure.

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Highly skilled worker route

The global talent route, which extends to EEA nationals from 1 January 2021, allows highly skilled individuals to come to the UK without a job offer.

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Student and graduate routes

Find out how students and graduates can apply for permission to enter the UK via the new points-based immigration system.

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Youth mobility scheme

The youth mobility scheme will allow young people the opportunity to work in the UK for up to two years.


Frequently asked questions

Find answers to common questions about the new points-based system.

Related News

New workforce guide to help preparedness for the end of EU transition

Use our guide to help you further prepare for the end of EU transition and the new immigration system. Featuring a checklist and risk register, it is designed to help you identify gaps and mitigating actions.

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Home Office launches new immigration employer resources

The Home Office has launched additional supportive materials to help you prepare for the new points-based immigration system.

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