The main purpose of the statutory regulators is to protect the public. This is done by holding registers of individuals who meet the standards of education, training, professional skills, behaviour and health. Scrutiny and oversight of the nine regulators is provided by the Professional Standards Authority (PSA).
Employers are responsible for checking that a person's registration allows them to be employed in a particular role before they start work, and that they maintain appropriate registration to practise.
Each regulator has its own systems to enable you to check their registers and have detailed processes of how to alert them if you have concerns about an individuals fitness to practise. You can find these on the websites below.
The professional regulators
- General Chiropractic Council (GCC) regulates the chiropractic profession.
- General Dental Council (GDC) regulates dental professionals. This includes dentists, dental nurses, dental technicians, clinical dental technicians, dental hygienists, dental therapists and orthodontic therapists.
- General Medical Council (GMC) regulates doctors.
- General Optical Council (GOC) regulates the optical professions.
- General Osteopathic Council (GOsC) regulates the practice of osteopathy.
- General Pharmaceutical Council (GPhC) regulates pharmacists, pharmacy technicians and pharmacy premises in Great Britain.
- Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) regulates 16 different health and care professions: arts therapists, biomedical scientists, chiropodists/podiatrists, clinical scientists, dietitians, hearing aid dispensers, occupational therapists, operating department practitioners, orthoptists, paramedics, physiotherapists, practitioner psychologists, prosthetists/orthotists, radiographers, social workers in England and speech and language therapists.
- Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) regulates nurses and midwives.
- Pharmaceutical Society of Northern Ireland (PSNI) is the regulatory and professional body for pharmacists in Northern Ireland.
The Professional Standards Authority oversees the professional regulators and works with them to improve the way that professionals are regulated. The PSA also have powers to accredit voluntary registers and have produced Standards for members of NHS Boards and clinical commissioning group governing bodies in England. This is available on the PSA website.